Psychology Essay

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One of the best known positivist theories came from Eysenck (1987) cited by Hollin (2002) whose research led him to believe that there were two main dimensions of personality that most people followed (he later expands on this theory with yet another dimension). The first of these, ‘Extroversion-Introversion’ led to the tendency for an individual to seek stimulation from others and therefore be of a social disposition. However, it was also argued that this dimension of personality was also prone to impulsiveness. The other dimension was that of Neuroticism-Stability, which led to individuals being prone to bouts of depression, low self-esteem and anxiety. It should be noted that Eysenck did not suggest that people followed one dimension or the other, but that a person’s personality could be measured along lines that bisected these different dimensions.
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Many different origins of love have been identified, some of which are personality inadequacy, personality adequacy, societal norms, physiological arousal. Personality inadequacy has been described by different people in different ways. Casler (1974) describes this as an origin of love when a person who does not have the inner resources to stand-alone can usually impose himself on someone who is equally lacking in personality. Freud (1952) and Reik (1957) saw love as reflecting the perception of a person’s unattained ideals in a partner.
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One explanation for this phenomenon is that the neurones sensitive to the colour become fatigued, and that subsequently they are unable to maintain their resting firing rate, therefore the opponent colour is perceived. However a study by Houck and Hoffman (1986) would seem to cast doubt on this theory. They showed subjects a black and white pattern of horizontal and verticle lines, they then asked them to fixate alternately on a set of green vertical, and red horizontal lines for several minutes.
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