Citing Sources. Custom Essay Writing


Citing Cyberspace

No generally accepted style yet exists for how to write citations for the World Wide Web, e-mail, or any of the other aspects of the Internet. One of the first problems is that the purpose of your citation is to let the reader find your source. Books in the library are assumed to stay there, even to be found in more than one library. But websites come and websites go. No one can guarantee that the website will still exist, or exist at the address at which you found it. I recommend to my students that in addition to putting in the citation the date they found the website information, they should make a hard copy of any really controversial part in case I challenge it and the website they cited has disappeared.

The approach to citing cyberspace ought to follow the same principles of all other citations. Get the reader to the site with the necessary information as quickly as possible.

Most websites have titles if not authors. These can often be found at the top of the page. If an author's name exists, by all means put it first. If not, put the title of the article or page first. Then cite any information about the source of the site, what organization is behind it, or what person. Finally, give the entire URL, the lengthy Web address beginning with https://. If a book or magazine article is being cited from the Web, cite it just as you would a book or magazine article in hard copy, but add the URL at the end of the citation with the date on which it was read immediately before the URL.

A million variations exist here too, and for most of them, you are on your own. Numerous books exist, but if you are consistent and use common sense, you ought to be able to figure out what is the minimum you can get away with. If not, check out these website for the APA, Protection Status

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